Ratio of Debt to Income
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after your other recurring debts have been paid.
Understanding the qualifying ratio
For the most part, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) qualifying ratio.
In these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes auto loans, child support and credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, use this Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Remember these are only guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you determine how much you can afford.
At Americn Hero Mortgage, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Give us a call: 754-202-4376.